The aim of this module will be to give students an improved understanding of waste management, the circular economy, and the waste hierarchy, and how this can be used to reduce the impact of products and processes over their entire lifecycle.  The module will focus on technologies, processes, and product design to enable this, but will be ensure that students have a clear understanding of the requirements of these technologies, processes and product design.  This module will focus on important aspects of waste management from a technology perspective.  However, before these aspects can be considered, the impact of waste and perceptions of waste will first be considered.  Thereafter, characteristics of waste management, such as the circular economy, critical materials and the waste management hierarchy must be examined.  Armed with this information, the module will then focus on aspects such as the current South African legislation, the collection and sorting of waste and finally the technologies that are in place or have been developed for various waste streams.